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Hip
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Anterior Approach


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Foot & Ankle
Foot & Ankle


News Letter


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Causes of Arthritis of the Knee Print E-mail

There are many conditions that can result in degeneration of the knee joint. Osteoarthritis is the most common reason that patients need to undergo knee replacement surgery. This condition is commonly referred to as "wear and tear arthritis." Osteoarthritis can occur with no previous history of injury to the knee joint - the knee simply "wears out." There may be a genetic tendency in some people that increases their chances of developing osteoarthritis.

The major problem in osteoarthritis is that the cartilage (the articular cartilage) on the surface of the bone inside the joint wears away. This results in bone rubbing against bone since the slick protective surface of the articular cartilage is absent. This causes pain. Abnormalities of knee joint function resulting from fractures of the knee, torn cartilage and torn ligaments can lead to degeneration many years after the injury. The mechanical abnormality leads to excessive wear and tear - just like the out-of-balance tire that wears out too soon on your car.

 

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